These links to third-party sites may provide useful resources for sports/health professionals, athletes, and parents. Their inclusion does not constitute endorsement, recommendation, or certification by HeadMinder, Inc.
American Academy of Pediatrics
Organized Sports for Children and Preadolescents - Drafted by the Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness and the Committee on School Health; includes recommendations for medical surveillance and treatment of student athletes.
Brain Injury Association of America
Information on brain injury and resources relating to brain injury treatment, rehabilitation, research, etc.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Two fact sheets published by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control:
Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury and Where to Get Help and Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury in the United States
National Athletic Trainers' Association
Information about the profession of athletic training and about injury tracking and prevention in high-school and college athletics.
For current return-to-play guidelines:
Cantu, R. C. (1991). Minor head injuries in sports. Adolescent
Medicine: State of the Art Reviews. Philadelphia: Hanley &
Belfus, pp. 17-30.
Jordan, D. B., (1994). Sports injuries. National Athletic
Trainers' Association Research and Education Foundation. Proceedings:
Mild Brain Injury in Sports Summit. Washington, D.C.
Practice parameter: The management of concussion in sports (summary statement) (1997).
Neurology, 48, 581-585.
For more information on sports-related head injury and concussion management:
Barth, J. T., Alves, W. M., Ryan, T. V., Macciocchi, S. N., Rimel, R. W., Jane, J. J.,
& Nelson, W. E. (1989). Mild head injury in sports: Neuropsychological sequelae
and recovery function. In H. Levin, H. Eisenberg, & A. Benton (Eds.), Mild head
injury (pp. 257-277). New York: Oxford Press.
Cantu, R. C. (1996). Head injuries in sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine,
Erlanger, D. M., Kutner, K. C., Barth, J. T., & Barnes, R. (1999). Neuropsychology
of sports-related head injury: Dementia pugilistica to post concussion syndrome. The
Clinical Neuropsychologist, 13, 193-209.
Hinton-Bayre, A., Geffen, G., Geffen, L., McRarland, K., & Friis, P. (1999). Concussion
in contact sports: Reliable change indices of impairment and recovery. Journal of
Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 21, 70-86.
Matser, J. T., Kessels, A. G., Jordan, B. D., Lezak, M. D., & Troost, J. (1998).
Chronic traumatic brain injury in professional soccer players. Neurology, 51, 791-796.
Macciocchi, S., Barth, J. T., Alves, M., Rimel, R., & Jane, J. (1996). Neuropsychological
functioning and recovery after mild head injury in college athletes. Neurosurgery, 39,
McCrea, M. (1999). Sideline Assessment of Concussion. In: J. Bailes, A. Day (Eds.). Sports
Medicine in Neurosurgery.
McCrea, M., Kelly, J., Randolph, C., Kluge, J., Bartolic, E., Finn, G., Baxter, B. (1998).
Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC): On-site mental status evaluation of the athlete.
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 13(2), 27-35.
Torg, J. S. (1982). Athletic injuries to the head, neck, and face. Philadelphia:
Lea & Febiger.
Zemper, E. (1994). Analysis of cerebral concussion frequency with the most common models
of football helmets. Journal of Athletic Training, 29, 44-50.